Improvisations

Darwin

 

 

 

 

 

Artistic Concept:

 

Oil 24 – Improvisations   ( of  Darwin  [1823-1913] )

2005 - ( 24 x 30 cm )

 

   Scientific Concept:

 

     An image can have a thousand different meanings, as also the words. It is said that they are polysemous, as the meaning assigned to them depends a lot on what we know about it before, and all of the mental tools, intellectual arguments, and cultural references that we have to interpret them.

   Information can be defined as data inserted in a certain content, whatever is its form of expression (artistic, scientific, musical, literary...) but this is always relative to a context of interpretation, logic and understanding. Moreover, only a small part of the information can be defined as an objective part, the facts, data, a set of images, symbols, codes and characters that represent the explicit content of the information.

     Afterwards there's the subjective part, an implicit content, the tacit knowledge, which corresponds to a whole set of signals that are only revealed in the mind of the observer, the connoisseur of that knowledge. This second perspective is the one that understands and focuses on information, integrating it into a set, relating, re-creating, interpreting isolated data and writing them in a new organic whole. In this new context, the total information perceived is always larger than the sum of its parts and thus is how the Knowledge is born.

     It is said that to be a scientist is not enough to know a lot of things, which is a way of knowledge that concerns the instant experts.

    Nothing could be more misleading. Above all, science is an organized knowledge. Based on this concept becomes clear that having an encyclopedia of information full of facts, an almost endless list of definitions, makes so little sense that, in the words of Henri Poincare, hardly deserves that much consideration, because: "A lot of bricks is not a house”. The key of knowledge is the organization and relationship. In order to understand the concept of a plant, we do not necessarily have to memorize an endless list of botanical names, family names, subfamilies, genus, species, subspecies, hybrids and their respective characteristics!

     The great idea of Charles Darwin was not Evolution. People were already aware of this concept through geological evidence presented by fossil. The word evolution was presented long before Darwin came with their theories, what it wasn't known then was how evolution worked. His geniality was in the way he carried out the interpretation of information, presenting his new theory of the 'Natural Selection of Species'.

     He has deduced that the species could adapt, and only those who adapted to their new environment would have better chances of survival. Thus, in reproduction of species there will be a slight variation from one generation to another. With this mechanism there will be minor changes in the genetic characteristics of that kind of specie to ensure the best adaptation to the environment for the next future generations.

 

 

 

    Literary Concept:

 

“ The civilizations that managed to restructure and survive, in general,

 adequately explored the relationship between order-by-disorder (...)

They converted noise into information.”

ANTHONY WILDEN

 

“ Never before have we had so much information and so little knowledge.”

GEORGE STEINER

 

“A lot of bricks is not a house.”

HENRI POINCARÉ

 

“ It is that science is not simple accumulation of knowledge –

an himalayan pile that would eventually mislead (...) -

it is yes, simplified organization, each time wider and less incomplete.

It does not stock knowledge, it saves it, towards the construction of Unified Theories.”

VITORINO MAGALHÃES GODINHO

 

“ No one can have more knowledge than

 those that experience provides it.”

JOHN LOCKE

 

“ Each individual organizes the world in a unique way.”

K. J. McGARRY

 

“ Information, in an objective sense (...) is the expression of scientific, literary and artistic thoughts encoded in libraries and museums,

as well as all records of human culture.”

KARL POPPER

 

“ Information can be stored in books, manuals, databases (...)

The knowledge, in contrast, exists only in a mind (human) - the mind

of the knower of that knowledge.”

KEITH DEVLIN

 

 “ Forever in your mind.”

KEITH DEVLIN

 

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